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Diagnostic and treatment options for prostate cancer 

Cancer is a most prevalent problem these days, blood cancer, kidney’s cancer, breast cancer in females, lungs cancer, prostate cancer in men are some most serious and prevalent types of cancer you will get to hear. Prostate cancer is cancer in men, and it is one of the most serious types of cancer. Like all other types of cancers, if it is diagnosed, identified at an early stage it can be cured. All you need is professional advice from an expert. There are number of cancer treatment centers available around the country you need to make choice of the best prostate cancer center to get the top-class treatment and counselling. As it is always said, prevention is better than cure, so if you are aware of what prostate cancer is and how it can be prevented you can save precious lives. This blog will share a detailed understanding and preventive care plus treatment of the prostate. 

What is prostate cancer?

The prostate, a tiny gland in men’s body shaped like a walnut that secretes seminal fluid, is the site of the beginning of prostate cancer. Men are more likely to develop this type of cancer than any other. Early on in its development, prostate cancer may not exhibit any signs and usually grows slowly. More severe symptoms may arise as it spreads beyond the prostate. 

Prostate cancer risk factors consist of: This disease is dependent on some factors like age, family history, genetics and so on.  Some of the potential risks factors include: 

  • Age Factor: Older males are more likely to experience it, and the risk rises with age. 
  • Family history: An elevated risk of prostate cancer may be associated with a family history of the disease. 
  • Race: Men of African American descent are more likely to develop prostate cancer. 
  • Diet: An elevated risk may be linked to a diet heavy in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables. 

Prostate cancer signs and symptoms might consist of: If identified earlier or recognized on timely basis this cancer can be easily get rid off. One should be aware of the signs and symptoms of this cancer, which include: 

  • Peeing with difficulty. 
  • Pee flow is weak or irregular. 
  • Urge to Urine often, especially in the evening. 
  • Pee or semen containing blood. 
  • The pelvic region experiencing pain or discomfort. 

If you are above 50 years of age or below and confronting any of these symptoms you must consult a physician and seek timely advice. 

Diagnosis

Tests used for prostate cancer staging and diagnosis consist of: 

  • The DRE stands for Digital Rectal Exam. 
  • Blood test for PSA, or prostate-specific antigen. 
  • autopsy. 
  • CT, MRI, and bone scans are examples of imaging exams. 

DRE Test: During a physical examination known as a “digital rectal exam” (DRE), a doctor feels for any abnormalities in the prostate by inserting a covered, lubricated finger into the rectum. 

PSA Test: The PSA test quantifies the quantity of protein secreted by the prostate.  An increase in PSA values may be a sign of cancer or other dangerous conditions requiring immediate medical attention. 

Biopsy: A biopsy is linked to an abnormal PSA.A biopsy could be advised if the PSA is high or the DRE shows anomalies. A small sample of prostate tissue is examined under a microscope to look for malignancy. 

Radiography tests: These evaluations could include bone, CT, or MRI scans to determine. 

Treatment Options: There are wider number of options and treatment methods available that are opted for the treatment of the cancer, these options include: 

Active Surveillance: Rather than actively treating low-risk prostate cancer, especially in elderly men, the cancer may be watched over. 

Surgery: The prostate gland is surgically removed during a prostatectomy. Laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery, or conventional open surgery can all be used to accomplish it. 

Radiation Treatment

a) External Beam Radiation: Radiation therapy using high doses delivered from outside the body to the prostate.

b) Brachy therapy involves the direct implantation of radioactive seeds into the prostate.

Androgen Deprivation therapy: Reduce the amounts of male hormones (androgens) that can promote the formation of prostate cancer by using hormone therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy. 

Chemotherapy: This treatment, which is typically saved for advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, uses medications to either kill or halt the growth of cancer cells. 

Immunotherapy: Induces the immune system to attack and eradicate cancer. 

Targeted therapy: Aimed at particular molecules implicated in the development of cancer. 

Cryotherapy: Often used for locally advanced prostate cancer, this treatment freezes cancer cells to death. 

High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU): Heats and destroys prostate tissue using concentrated ultrasound pulses. 

Though the term cancer may seem serious and grave but if timely precautions are taken and care is done this problem can be easily cured. Awareness helps to prevent the disorder. The Gleason score, patient preferences, general health, and the cancer’s stage all play a role in the treatment decision. A wide range of treatments, including radiation therapy, hormone therapy, cryosurgery, chemotherapy, and surgery, including robotic prostatectomy, are available for prostate cancer in addition to active surveillance. To make an informed choice, it’s critical to go over the advantages and disadvantages of each option with a healthcare team. If you want wise advice and opinion you can go for Kingman Oncology Institute, a treatment giving institute with promising results. In order to evaluate the response to treatment and identify any possible recurrence, routine monitoring and follow-up are essential.