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How air pollution is leading to lung Cancer? 

Breathing is an unconscious and a natural process. How many times do we think of the quality of air we breathe in? Well! We cannot afford to escape this breathing process but all we can do is to ponder about the ways of controlling the pollution contributing factors. Air pollution is not only harmful to our health but is influences every single creature present on this planet. Human health is incredibly disturbed by the pollutants present in the air.  Recent research conducted by the  World Health Organization claims that air pollution is affecting nearly 90 percent of people around the globe. Inhabitants of many states are struggling to breathe quality air. Most of the polluting factors can easily be controlled by taking proper measures. 

Just by eliminating certain polluting factors, we can improve the quality of air as well as our way of living. let’s see and understand how pollution is responsible for harming our lungs and how it impacts our overall health as well as our way of living and what are the various lung cancer treatments available to save lives. 

Significant risks to one’s health are posed by air pollution, and there is evidence linking specific air pollution exposure to a higher risk of lung cancer. Several mechanisms contribute to the complex and multifaceted relationship between air pollution and lung cancer.

These include: 

Stress from Oxidation and Inflammation: The respiratory system experiences inflammation and oxidative stress as a result of air pollution. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory reactions can arise from long-term pollution exposure. It is well-recognized that oxidative stress and chronic inflammation cause DNA damage and encourages cellular mutations, which in turn aid in the development of cancer. 

Carcinogen Inhalation: We are completely unaware of the components we are inhaling with air, some of the harmful substances like Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), benzene, formaldehyde, and heavy metals are among the carcinogens found in air pollution. Lungs are linked with our breathing cycle consequently polluted air can enter the lungs directly and start processes that can eventually lead to cancer development when people breathe it in. 

 Ultrafine and Fine Particle Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Another predominant reason for attracting cancer could be owing to the intake of ultrafine particles. The respiratory system can be deeply penetrated by fine particulate matter, particularly by ultrafine particles and those with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5). These granules may transport particles that may contain carcinogenic chemicals, and extended exposure to them may cause cellular damage and chronic inflammation, which raises the risk of developing cancer.

Creation of Adducts of DNA: Can you ever imagine that just by breathing harmful air, our DNA can undergo change or be impacted? Well! That’s true, the research studies claim that breathing in harmful air causes changes in the DNA structure of human beings. There are air pollutants that can create DNA adducts, like PAHs. Chemical alterations known as “DNA adducts” can cause structural and functional problems for DNA. These adducts have the potential to cause genetic mutations, which over time raise the risk of cancer-related unchecked cell growth. So, your poisonous breathing can alter the DNA structure as well, which is the most serious concern ever. 

Changes in Genes and Epigenetics: It is bewildering to know how unconsciously we may become a target of serious health concerns, not only this but how it can make changes in our genetic and epigenetic structure. Lung cells may undergo genetic and epigenetic changes as a result of prolonged exposure to air pollution. These changes may have an impact on the regulation of genes related to DNA repair, apoptosis, and cell cycle control, which could aid in the development and spread of cancer.  
Reduced Immune Response: There is an immediate need to think about the quality of the air we are breathing in as poor-quality air intake may lead to the weakening of the Immune system too. Long-term exposure to air pollution may make it more difficult for the immune system to identify and get rid of aberrant cells. A compromised immune system might not be able to stop cancer cells from growing, which would allow them to multiply and develop into tumors.  
Combined Effects with Additional Risk Factors:  
Rural areas where burning of wood, leftover leaves, or other substances is common for using these substances as fuel may also lead to lung-related problems. Smoking and occupational exposures are two risk factors that can interact with air pollution to produce synergistic effects that increase the risk of lung cancer. People who are exposed to both air pollution and tobacco smoke, for instance, may be at a higher cumulative risk than people who are only exposed to one of the two factors.  

Measures to protect from Air pollution: Keeping oneself protected from air pollution is essential for preserving general health and respiratory health. The following actions can be taken by individuals to lessen their exposure to air pollution.

Keep an eye on the air quality: Keep yourself updated about the local air quality. Real-time air quality indices that show the current levels of pollution are available in many places. Make plans for outdoor activities based on this information, particularly during times of high pollution.

Pick Routes with Less Pollution: Routes should be chosen to avoid industrial or highly populated areas. The least polluted routes can be selected by using applications or websites that offer real-time traffic and pollution data.

Reduce Individual Smoking Exposure: Keep yourself away from passive or active tobacco smoke exposure. In addition to being a big risk factor for respiratory problems, smoking greatly increases indoor air pollution.

Make green areas: Endorse and promote the establishment of green spaces in metropolitan settings. The quality of the air can be enhanced by plants by absorbing pollutants.

Preserve the Health of Your Respiratory System: Maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep respiratory health at its best. The immune system can be strengthened and the body can be better able to withstand environmental stresses with regular exercise, a balanced diet, and proper hydration.

Vent Living Spaces Properly: Make sure your house and place of business have enough ventilation to let in outside air. This can enhance overall air quality by reducing indoor pollutants 

Employ public transportation or carpooling: Using the bus, carpooling, biking, or walking can all help individuals lower their carbon footprints. In addition to lowering individual pollution exposure, this also helps reduce pollution overall. 

Reduce Your Outside Activities on Days with Poor Air Quality: If the air quality is bad, try to limit your outdoor activities, especially intense workouts. Plan your outdoor activities for when pollution is at its lowest, if at all possible. 
We can save ourselves to a large extent from harmful pollution emitting elements by adopting these measures and we can work on our health and environment protection. These measures are crucial for saving our present and future generations too.It’s crucial to remember that, despite a large body of research connecting air pollution to lung cancer, each person’s risk is unique and depends on several variables, such as the amount and duration of exposure, the particular pollutants involved, and their susceptibility. The incidence of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases can be decreased by promoting clean air initiatives and reducing air pollution, which can have a substantial positive impact on public health.  

Conclusively, the association between lung cancer and air pollution highlights the significant influence of environmental factors on public health. Inhaling carcinogens, breathing in fine particulate matter, inducing oxidative stress and inflammation, and initiating genetic and epigenetic alterations in lung cells are just a few of the intricate pathways through which air pollution causes lung cancer. Together, these elements encourage normal cells to develop into malignant forms. A comprehensive strategy to reduce and mitigate environmental pollutants is urgently needed, as the link between air pollution and lung cancer raises serious concerns about global health. Maintaining better air quality helps prevent long-term health problems in addition to addressing the immediate health risks that come with pollution. You can visit Kingman Oncology cancer treatment center az and get the best possible advice over lung cancer or any other type of cancer. We can fight it with prevention and cure. 

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