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How to Diagnose and Prevent Stomach Cancer? 

Most of us are unaware that stomach is the root cause of maximum number of diseases. Our stomach is related to nearly 100 problems and issues. Diet, exercise and maintaining the balance of vat, pitta, kapha can help to prevent or even eradicate multiple problems and concerns. 

Our sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits are the predominant reason behind the health issues. One of the serious medical problems that most people are confronting is stomach cancer also referred to as gastric cancer. Few years ago stomach cancer was a term that never existed. The first case of the gastric cancer was diagnosed in the late 19th century, by Swiss surgeon Karl Schlatter. The cases of cancer witnessed a surge after that. A report by SEER points out the cases witnessed in year. 2024 is around 26000 plus till now. The survival rate is just 36 percent from 2014 to 2020. Consequently there arises a need of taking careful understanding of concept of the stomach cancer. 

This blog post will throw flood light on the concept of Stomach cancer and how it can be prevented as well as treated. We will see how stomach cancer treatment is possible if diagnosed at early stage. 

Understanding Stomach cancer and its reasons: 

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a dangerous and typically aggressive tumor that begins in the stomach lining. It is fifth most common type of cancer and can prove to be fatal too. Generally, it begins in the cells of the stomach’s innermost layer (the mucosa) and spreads to the outer layers as it grows. It can be difficult to identify in its early stages since it often grows slowly, and symptoms may be difficult to recognize until it has advanced sufficiently. 

Symptoms of Stomach cancer 
Early Symptoms: 
  • Indigestion, sometimes known as heartburn, is persistent stomach discomfort or burning. 
  • Mild Stomach ache: Constant ache or discomfort in the stomach area. 
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Feeling sick or vomiting, which can occur with or without blood. 
  • Appetite Loss: A decreased desire to eat can lead to accidental weight loss. 
    Feeling Full Quickly: Early satiety, which occurs after eating a modest amount of food. 

 

Advanced symptoms: 
  • Unexplained Weight reduction: Significant, unplanned weight reduction that occurs without effort. 
  • Severe Stomach ache: Consistent and severe stomachache. 
  • Difficulty Swallowing: The sensation that food is caught in the throat or chest. 
  • Hematemesis refers to the vomiting of blood. 
  • Melena (black, tarry stools) indicates gastrointestinal bleeding. 
  • Jaundice: Yellow skin and eyes indicate liver impairment. 
  • Fatigue and weakness: persistent weariness and low energy.  
  • Fluid build-up can cause abdominal enlargement. 
  • Lymph Node Enlargement: Swelling in the neck and armpits. 

Recognizing these symptoms early on and obtaining medical attention is critical for an accurate diagnosis and treatment of stomach cancer. If you observe any of these symptoms, especially if they continue or worsen, visit a doctor. 

Possible causes of stomach cancer include Helicobacter Pylori infection. 

Chronic infection with H. pylori bacteria increases the risk of developing stomach cancer. The bacteria create long-term inflammation of the stomach lining, which can culminate in cancer. 

Dietary Considerations:

We tend to like spicy and salty foods these days. We choose salty and smoked foods over plain foods, which increases our risk of developing stomach cancer. These foods contain chemicals that may irritate the stomach lining. A diet low in fruits and vegetables, which are high in antioxidants and other important elements, may raise the risk of stomach cancer. 

Genetic predisposition: 

Genetic predisposition defines us; if your family has a history of gastric cancer, you are more likely to inherit stomach-related illnesses or cancer. To put it simply, persons with a family history of stomach cancer are at a greater risk. Certain inherited genetic mutations, such as those in the CDH1 gene, are known to increase the likelihood of developing this illness. 

Lifestyle Aspects: 

Lifestyle defines what kind of health we will have at present and in the future. poor lifestyle habits are the breeding ground for uncountable health issues. Smoking is a recognized risk factor for stomach cancer. Tobacco smoke contains toxins that can reach the stomach and cause harm. Excessive alcohol use might also irritate the stomach lining. 

Medical Conditions: 

Chronic gastritis and pernicious anemia are associated with an increased risk of stomach cancer. Chronic inflammation induced by these conditions can damage the stomach lining, making people more likely to develop cancer. Previous stomach surgery for benign conditions may alter the stomach’s ecology, increasing the risk of cancer. 

Environmental Factors: 

Certain environmental contaminants, such as those utilized in specific industries (for example, rubber and coal), have been linked to an increased risk of developing stomach cancer. 

How it can be prevented? 

Stomach cancer can be prevented by 

  • Healthy diet: Consuming a healthy diet, including fresh fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants. 
Avoid smoking: 
  • Limit your exposure to smoking, try distancing yourself from chain smokers. 
  • To reduce alcohol consumption, consume in moderation or avoid altogether. 
  • To manage Helicobacter Pylori infection, consult your doctor and seek treatment if recommended. 
  • To keep a healthy weight, it’s essential to engage in regular physical activity.  
    routine medical check-ups :Schedule regular check-ups, especially if you have a family history of stomach cancer or other chronic health problems. 
  • genetic counselling:  
    If you have a strong family history of stomach cancer, you should seek genetic counseling and testing. 
Treatment Options for Stomach Cancer: Surgical 
  • Subtotal Gastrectomy is the removal of a portion of the stomach containing the tumor. 
  • Total Gastrectomy: Complete stomach excision followed by digestive system repair. 
  • Lymph node dissection is the removal of neighboring lymph nodes to detect cancer spread. 
  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy beams are used to destroy cancer cells and decrease tumors, and they are commonly employed before or after surgery. 
  • Chemotherapy: Drugs used to destroy or inhibit the growth of cancer cells before surgery (neoadjuvant), after surgery (adjuvant), or for advanced cancer. 
  • 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), cisplatin, and capecitabine are three common chemotherapy medicines. 
  • Targeted therapy 
  • HER2 inhibitors target molecules involved in cancer cell proliferation and survival. 
Palliative care involves

 The emphasis is on reducing symptoms and enhancing quality of life for people with advanced cancer. 
Pain management, nutritional support, and psychological support are all options. 

Clinical studies: Participation in clinical trials allows patients to have access to new and experimental medicines that are not yet publicly available. 

A multidisciplinary approach:

 
Collaboration among healthcare specialists, including oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, and dietitians, to provide complete care tailored to the patient’s needs. 

To sum up, it can be said that stomach cancer can be prevented, and the situation can be controlled with timely diagnoses and awareness about the signs and symptoms. Knowledge about symptoms and better lifestyle options can help in controlling the factors that can lead to stomach cancer. If you need to gain any information about stomach cancer or any other blood related you can consult Kingman Oncology, an institute developed to help cancer patients. 

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